Grabbe, Christian Dietrich

   Playwright. Grabbe's plays seldom found audience favor during his lifetime, but the 20th century was kinder to him. He studied law in Leipzig while endeavoring unsuccessfully in Dresden to become an actor or do theater work in some capacity. In Berlin during the 1820s, he wrote several plays, most notable among them Scherz, Ironie, und tiefere Bedeutung (Jest, Irony, and Deeper Significance, 1822). It was not produced until 1907, however, largely because his contemporaries found the play an unstageable, disconnected series of gloomy scenes in which most of the characters seemed incomprehensible. Grabbe returned from Berlin in 1824 with a law degree to his native Detmold, where he worked in a military judge advocate's office from 1826 to 1834. That period of regular employment afforded him the time and resources to complete several other plays, including Don Juan und Faust and Napoleon, oder die Hundert Tage (Napoleon, or the Hundred Days). The former was successfully premiered at the Detmold Court Theater, but the latter did not premiere until 1895. The modest success of Don Juan und Faust, however, encouraged him to quit his job and move to Düsseldorf as Karl Lebrecht Immermann's dramaturg. When the Düsseldorf enterprise began to crumble, Grabbe quarreled with Immermann and returned to Detmold. He died soon thereafter of tuberculosis in his boyhood home, a jailhouse of which his father had been warden.
   A literary society in Detmold now bears Grabbe's name and has its headquarters in that home, which houses an archive and a small experimental theater. A spectacular production of Napoleon staged by Leopold Jessner at the Berlin State Theater in 1922 was to date the most significantly attended of any Grabbe play. Grabbe's anti-Semitism found wide resonance during the Third Reich, when dozens of theaters did his plays; Nazi authorities even instituted "Grabbe Festival Weeks" in Detmold, inviting theaters with Grabbe plays in their repertoire to Detmold for special performances. Don Juan und Faust and Scherz were the most frequently performed during the Third Reich. In the 1970s a modest Grabbe revival took place among some German theaters, who staged several of his early, formerly unproduced plays.

Historical dictionary of German Theatre. . 2006.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Grabbe, Christian Dietrich — ▪ German writer born Dec. 11, 1801, Detmold, Westphalia died Sept. 12, 1836, Detmold  German dramatist whose plays anticipated Expressionism and film technique.       Grabbe studied law in Leipzig (1820–22) and made unsuccessful attempts at… …   Universalium

  • Christian Dietrich Grabbe — Christian Dietrich Grabbe, Lithografie von W. Severin nach einer Zeichnung von Pero Christian Dietrich Grabbe (* 11. Dezember 1801 in Detmold; † 12. September 1836 ebenda) war ein Dramatiker des Vormärz. Grabbe war neben Georg Büchner der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Christian Dietrich Grabbe — Statue in Düsseldorf Born 11 December 1801 Detmold, Germany Died 12 September 1836 Detmold Occupati …   Wikipedia

  • Christian Dietrich Grabbe — Portrait par Joseph Wilhelm Pero (1826) Christian Dietrich Grabbe, né à Detmold le 11 décembre 1801 et mort à Detmold le 12 septembre 1836, est un écrivain et auteur dramatique allemand. Il est, avec Georg Büchner …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Christian Dietrich — ist der Name folgender Personen: Christian Dietrich (Geistlicher) (1844–1919), deutscher Leiter des schwäbischen Altpietismus Christian Wilhelm Ernst Dietrich (1712–1774), deutscher Maler und Kupferstecher Christian Dietrich ist der Vorname… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Christian Dietrich Grabbe — Christian Dietrich Grabbe, litografía de W. Severin inspirada en un grabado de Wilhelm Pero Christian Dietrich Grabbe (* 11 de diciembre de 1801 en Detmold; † 12 de septiembre de 1836 en la misma ciudad), autor teatral alemán fuertemente… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Christian-Dietrich-Grabbe-Preis — Der Christian Dietrich Grabbe Preis wird seit 1994 in Erinnerung an den aus Detmold gebürtigen Dramatiker Christian Dietrich Grabbe von der Stadt Detmold und der Grabbe Gesellschaft in Verbindung mit dem Landesverband Lippe vergeben. Verliehen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Christian Grabbe — Christian Dietrich Grabbe, Lithografie von W. Severin nach einer Zeichnung von Pero Christian Dietrich Grabbe (* 11. Dezember 1801 in Detmold; † 12. September 1836 ebenda) war ein Dramatiker des Vormärz. Grabbe war neben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • GRABBE (C. D.) — GRABBE CHRISTIAN DIETRICH (1801 1836) Mort à trente cinq ans, le dramaturge allemand Grabbe est le type même du génie théâtral. Fils d’un directeur de prison, son premier souvenir est d’avoir tenu compagnie à un condamné à mort. Son théâtre est… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Grabbe — Grabbe, Christian Dietrich, dramat. Dichter, geb. 11. Dez. 1801 in Detmold, wo sein Vater Zuchthaus und Leihbankverwalter war, gest. daselbst 12. Sept. 1836, erhielt eine ungeregelte Erziehung und gewann auch durch die Stellung des Vaters… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.